All of our selections require two plants to fruit. Any two plants will do whether it is a mix or of the same strain. The American types tend to be good pollen producers and will cross pollinate with everything except the trazels. All plants are hardy in zone 4 or at least -25 F. Hazelnuts cannot be shipped to Oregon. Our plants are grown in screened poly-houses and are free of filbert blight.
Chestnuts played an important role in human and wildlife health for thousands of years. Archeologists discovered chestnuts in eastern MI from 3000-1000 BC. Early settlers found out that chestnuts made “commendable nourishment”. In 1880 a tree was found which had a 22' diameter trunk. The sweet flavor of these nuts is enjoyed by humans as well as turkeys, deer, bears, and many other mammals and birds. The rot-resistant lumber was used for fences, ties, electric poles, furniture and caskets.
Pecans/hickory were widely used by the Native Americans. The native ranges of the species were expanded hundreds or thousands of miles. Hickory forests were often found by settlers to be quasi-managed orchards where the removal of understory plants maintained a park-like feel. High-calorie nuts provided a food supply during winter. Wood was a favorite for making bows, combining strength, hardness and flexibility. Used for agricultural implements, wagon stock, and sporting equipment.
Walnuts represent one of the most ancient families of plants, dating back to the dinosaurs. Native American tribes moved the walnut farther north and west. Today only the English Walnut is cultivated to any extent. In North America, the Menominee tapped butternuts like maple for its syrup. It was considered a standard part of their dietary health. Today the value of black walnut and butternut wood and the decline of good quality trees have sparked an interest in its timber potential.