|Produced and grown in Michigan.|
One of the oldest used species of nut-bearing plants. From 8,000-5,000 BC, this plant accounted for 75% of all pollen found in peat bogs. Like wild blueberries, colonies extended for miles. The first divining rods were said to be made of filbert and used to find veins of ore, treasures and water. Healers used the nuts as a symbol of fertility. Extremely durable and light, the straight, strong whips of a hazel bush were used for arrow shafts by the Native Americans. Rich in protein and fats.
Chestnuts played an important role in human and wildlife health for thousands of years. Archeologists discovered chestnuts in eastern MI from 3000-1000 BC. Early settlers found out that chestnuts made “commendable nourishment”. In 1880 a tree was found which had a 22' diameter trunk. The sweet flavor of these nuts is enjoyed by humans as well as turkeys, deer, bears, and many other mammals and birds. The rot-resistant lumber was used for fences, ties, electric poles, furniture and caskets.
Pecans/hickory were widely used by the Native Americans. The native ranges of the species were expanded hundreds or thousands of miles. Hickory forests were often found by settlers to be quasi-managed orchards where the removal of understory plants maintained a park-like feel. High-calorie nuts provided a food supply during winter. Wood was a favorite for making bows, combining strength, hardness and flexibility. Used for agricultural implements, wagon stock, and sporting equipment.
Walnuts represent one of the most ancient families of plants, dating back to the dinosaurs. Native American tribes moved the walnut farther north and west. Today only the English Walnut is cultivated to any extent. In North America, the Menominee tapped butternuts like maple for its syrup. It was considered a standard part of their dietary health. Today the value of black walnut and butternut wood and the decline of good quality trees have sparked an interest in its timber potential.